Orchid Basics

Orchids

Orchid Basics

Orchids have been around for thousands of years. It’s not that they are hard to grow; the truth is that they are by far one of the easiest flowers to care for. They are also very versatile flowers and can be grown from seed or cut from existing plants. How do orchids change color when they are growing?

Most orchids only bloom when they are in the garden at night, so most of them will be indoor plants. There are three things that affect their growth cycles: sunlight, fertilizer and potting medium. Most orchids will flower during the spring and summer months when the sun is at its peak. The amount of light they receive is directly related to how much water they need. Blue or red orchids require more water than does a yellow one.

Orchids also flower during the fall and winter months, which is why orchids are usually placed in large pots during this time. You will notice that some orchids won’t grow at all during the winter months if they are placed in pots. The reason for this is that the plant’s roots don’t have enough room to expand, thus causing the plant to die. Orchids should be repotted every year during this time, no exceptions.

Repotting orchids is easy when you understand how the cycle of light, water and soil work within the plants’ natural growth cycle. When you repot orchids, you need to remove any dead or dying leaves or roots. You should also remove about half of the soil with the potting medium. Gently remove the orchid from the pot and if possible, pinch off the orchid roots. Then you can move the plant about so it gets as much light and water as possible.

Orchids are best planted in their natural state: in a shallow container in full sun, with good drainage. Orchids have deep roots, so you should place them near drainage material such as bark, tree stumps, fencing, or rocks. Some orchids do better in partial shade. If you don’t provide good drainage, you can try to float the orchid roots in water – this is the cheapest way to repot an orchid, although it does result in weaker roots and stems.

Most orchids are epiphytes, meaning that they grow on trees, so the plants become part of the bark of the tree, rather than being an independent living plant. Orchids are very sensitive to temperature, so the proper temperature for planting your orchids should be the same as they would be in their natural habitat. Orchids are happiest when the temperature is 60 degrees Fahrenheit or so during the day and just a little cooler at night. They prefer well drained, rich soil with lots of light. They will do just fine in most kinds of soil, although there are some exotic orchids that require waterscapes or some other type of support.